The Truth about Teacup Dogs

Download file here: The Truth about Teacup Dogs

Researched by: Philippe Lesage (P.Dip Canine Studies)

The craze for tiny ‘teacup puppies’ a fragile Pet or Not, You decide!


What Is a Teacup Dog?

Teacup dogs are animals that have been bred to be as small as humanly—or shall we say cannily—possible. Most dogs considered to be teacups weigh 5 pounds or less.

You’ll find teacup versions of many already-small dog breeds, including teacup Poodles, teacup Pugs, and teacup Yorkshire terriers. Other popular teacup breeds include Maltese, Pomeranians, and Shih Tzu.

To create teacup dogs, breeders pair the so-called “runts” of the litters to make the smallest animal possible. But sometimes the dogs selected for breeding are small because of a birth defect or other medical condition.


“Health risks for these tiny dogs are significant. “This is not a natural breeding situation. It is an unnatural practice by breeders looking for a marketing edge and Money.” (They completely ignore why one should breed for conformity and adhere to a specific breed standard).

The edge comes with a price. Teacup dogs can cost thousands of Rands and many more to follow with health bills in the future.


Perceived Advantages of Owning a Teacup Dog

Having a dog that fits in a pocket has potential advantages. You can take them anywhere, they get lots of attention from friends and family and—when they’re healthy—their small statures mean they don’t need large quantities of food and/or preventative medications. This can keep yearly costs low.


Small dogs are also appealing to pet owners who live in facilities with pet size restrictions or can only provide short walks or other forms of exercise.

But doctors say the breeding history of teacup dogs can make these tiny canines more predisposed to certain health issues.


Health Risks for Teacup Dogs

Doctors say common health issues for teacup dogs include hypoglycaemia, heart defects, collapsing trachea, seizures, respiratory problems, digestive problems, and blindness.


The breeding practices can also lead to an increased risk for liver shunts, says Meeks. Liver shunts are often congenital birth defects in dogs that affect the liver’s ability to flush out toxins. Treatment for liver shunts can cost you thousands of rands, and some types of shunts don’t respond well to therapy regardless of the cost.

Many small dogs are also predisposed to developing dental and gum issues. Their baby teeth don’t always fall out on their own, and it’s not uncommon for doctors to remove all the baby teeth when the animal is spayed or neutered.

Another size-related health problem is patella luxation, or sliding kneecap, which can affect a teacup dog’s ability to walk. The condition also often makes the animal more prone to arthritis.

In addition, teacup dogs may also be predisposed to developing hydrocephalus, also known as “water on the brain.

“When you breed for the way the dog ‘’looks’’ instead of for the ‘’healthiest genetic stock’’, health problems emerge’’.


More Potential Dangers for Tiny Teacup Dogs

Owners of these half brick-sized pups have to stay vigilant.

If the dogs miss even one meal, their blood sugar levels could drop dangerously low and cause seizures and even death. They also have trouble keeping their bodies warm in cooler weather, which is why you see so many teacup dogs in sweaters. (Always seem to have the shivers).


The dogs’ small bones can break easily, which means owners have to be on alert not to step on them or allow them to jump from too-high surfaces.

“Traumatic events can be life-ending for these dogs. “Surviving a traffic accident, a fall from the furniture or the owner’s arms, or an attack from a larger dog is less likely.”


Teacup dogs’ low blood sugar and body temperature can also lead to problems in the operating room. Doctors have to make sure the operation doesn’t outlast the animal’s blood sugar reserves or provide them with the necessary supplements. They also have to work hard to keep the animal warm as body temperature drops under anaesthesia.

“They’re harder to treat “Can you imagine putting an IV in a 750gm to 1.2kg dog?”


It would be responsible and a preference if breeders stopped trying to create the miniature pups because of their potential health problems. But if pet owners absolutely have to have one, they need to make sure they’re working with a reputable breeder. That has a good track record breeding smaller canines and proof thereof. You have to do your homework to find the healthiest animal possible.


“Nobody likes to see a pet suffer and no one likes to see an owner struggle under the cost of medical care. “I think there are healthier options out there.” But who am I to say.




11 Signs of Aging. Every Dog (Pet) Owner Needs To Look For 04/10/2017

Download PDF here: The sacbr aging dog

Age creeps up on all of us, even our dogs. The signs can be subtle and easily missed while we go about our daily lives. However, being aware of and paying attention to the signs of aging in your dog could help you catch health issues early, which may make treatment easier and less expensive–not to mention save your dog discomfort. Here are 11 things to watch out for as your dog gets older. If you notice any of these, it’s time for a vet visit


#1 – Slowing Down

Do you have to encourage your dog to run up the hill when he used to beat you to the top? Slowing down can be a sign of early arthritis, thyroid issues, etc.

#2 – Gaining Weight

As your dog gets older, you might notice her getting pudgy. This can be a sign of many things such as a slowing metabolism, thyroid issues, etc. It could be as simple as feeding your dog less food or switching to a lower calorie diet, but definitely check with your vet first to rule out any real medical issues.

#3 –Not Responding To You

Has your dog stopped coming when you call? If you think your aging dog is just becoming “old and stubborn,” think again – he may be losing his hearing. Time to brush up on those hand signals!

#4 – Troubles Getting Up

You may notice your dog has trouble getting up after lying or sitting for a long time, particularly on hard surfaces. She may also have issues staying on her feet. This can be another sign of joint pain and should definitely be checked out by a vet.

#5 – Cloudy Eyes

This can be hard to see at first, especially if you have a dog that really avoids eye contact. However, it’s important to notice because while most dogs develop some cloudiness as they age (nuclear sclerosis), it can also be a sign of cataracts, which will need treatment. Definitely go to the vet if you notice any cloudiness.

#6 – More Bathroom Breaks

As your dog ages, he will also need to go to the bathroom more often. If he starts having accidents in the house, you may need to increase your number of potty breaks throughout the day or leave pee pads out when you leave.

#7 – Continued Bathroom Accidents

On the same note, if your dog seems to be going a lot at random, even after you have increased your bathroom breaks, she may be having trouble “holding it.” Take her to the vet to make sure nothing is medically wrong.

#8 – Lumps

A dog owner’s worst fear – lumps. You should be feeling your dog for lumps frequently. On short-haired dogs they will eventually be noticeable by sight, but it’s better if you detect them early – especially if they end up being cancerous. On long-haired dogs, regular checks are vital, since they may not be visible even when they get larger.

#9 – Deteriorating Coat Condition

Dry coat, itching, flakiness, hot spots, hair loss, etc. – these are all indications that something is going on with your aging dog. They can be indications of a lot of different medical issues. If you notice your dog’s hair isn’t as nice as it once was, it’s time to go to the vet.

#10 – Slow To Do Something

Did you ask your (normally obedient) dog to sit and he looks at you for several seconds? Maybe he refuses the first time and then the second time you ask he does it – but only after carefully positioning his body and moving very slowly. These are signs that his body is getting older, and doing things like sitting, lying down, jumping, etc., are getting difficult. Same goes for repetitiveness. Maybe he sits the first two times but refuses the

#11 – Bad Breaths

This sign of aging will probably be the first you encounter. Most dogs don’t have minty-fresh breath, but if it starts to smell funkier than usual, don’t ignore it. Dogs as young as three develop this and it’s usually a sign of dental disease. If your dog starts having bad breath, it’s definitely a “don’t wait” vet visit. The longer the teeth are allowed to decay, the worse it will be for your dog and your pocketbook.





A very few breeders are downright evil and fail to provide for even the basics of their animals’ needs. A few more are mentally ill, living in filthy homes packed to the rafters with freely mating dogs. These people are fairly easy to spot and avoid — unless their pups are cleaned up and sold elsewhere. (An unknown Breeder that ask you to meet somewhere ells than their home is the most common sign of a bad breeder)

Some backyard breeders are not uncaring, they’re just uninformed. They don’t know that many of the dogs they produce can end up in shelters or spend their lives in pain from a congenital illness. They want a litter “so the kids can see,” or because “puppies are fun,” or because they heard breeding dogs is an easy way to make a little ***Money***. Buying from a bad breeder makes you just a guilty as the breeder in question, and remember cheaply bought pets are normally a sign that should trigger you not to buy from the breeder.

A few things that should give you pause when dealing with a breeder:

  • Lack of knowledge about the breed.Someone who doesn’t know about the history of the breed or how suitable it is for different homes probably isn’t someone who’s too concerned about producing puppies that are fine examples of the breed.
  • Ignorance or denial of genetic defects.Every breed has some problems, and some of the most common ones — such as hip dysplasia — can cause great pain and cost big bucks. A person who isn’t aware of congenital defects almost certainly isn’t screening breeding stock to avoid the defects.
  • Not letting you observe the litter, meet the mother or other dogs, or see where the puppies were raised.Healthy, well-mannered adult dogs and a clean, well-run set-up are a breeder’s best testimonial. If a person doesn’t want you to see anything except the puppy he’s trying to sell, you ought to be wondering why.
  • No documentation.If the purebred puppy’s represented as “SACBR-registered” then registration papers should be available. (This goes for other registries, too.) So, too, should papers backing up health claims. A sales contract spelling out the rights and responsibilities of both parties is highly desirable. Such a document provides you with recourse should the puppy not turn out as promised — if he has congenital health problems or isn’t suitable for showing, if that was part of your intent in buying him. If they do not have the puppy inoculated and do not present you with an Inoculation card… are looking for extensive trouble……..and even the death of your newly purchased puppy.
  • Doesn’t seem to understand the importance of socialization.Puppies need to be nurtured, loved, and handled to make good pets. Someone who can’t explain what they’ve done in this area, or who tries to sell a puppy less than 8 to 12 weeks old, then the breeder probably doesn’t understand enough about puppy-raising to be breeding dogs! And should be avoided at all cost and even by notifying the NSPCA would be a best thing to do. Edited by Philippe Lesage SACBR.


How to know when to stop breeding a Female Dog,

Click here to download ? How to know when to stop breeding a Female Dog

A guide line to successful breeding.

Breeding dogs can be one of the most rewarding experiences a dog owner or breeder can have. However, breeding comes with a lot of complications and potential  ‘’Health’ ’hazards for the female dogs involved. As a result, you need to know when to stop breeding female dogs. In order to do this, you should follow general breeding standards, evaluate individual dog health, and educate yourself about the breeding process.


Following General Standards.

Factor in the age of the dog.

There are a variety of opinions and standards as to when dogs should be retired from breeding. However, you should follow standards you are most comfortable with to protect the health of your dog.

  • Many kennel clubs all over the world require a dog to be 8 years or younger to register litters.
  • Many vets suggest that dogs of normal health should be retired from breeding around 8 years old.
  • The strictest standard to retire a dog from breeding is 5 years of age (French bulldog, Irish wolfhound……
  • If In doubt consult your vet when considering breeding a dog older than 5 years old.
  • The age of your dog needs to be evaluated with other factors including ‘’size and breed’’

 Consider the breed of the dog.

 Certain breeds of dogs should be retired from breeding earlier than others. This is because some breeds have physiological issues and other related problems that could cause complications with pregnancy.

  • Toy dogs should be retired from breeding around 5-8 years old.
  • Large breed dogs like standard poodles should be retired from breeding around 5 or 6 years old.
  • Medium sized dogs may be bred longer than small or large breed dogs, depending on specific medical conditions and the opinion of your veterinarian.

 Think about the number of litters the dog has produced.

 Many responsible breeders, vets, and kennel clubs suggest that people stop breeding dogs after a certain number of pregnancies. Consider:

  • The higher number of pregnancies, the lower the genetic diversity within a certain breed.
  • Many irresponsible breeders, known as back yard and puppy mills, produce large numbers of dogs regardless of the health and well-being of the dogs themselves.

Determine if the dog has demonstrated any inheritable conditions.

 You should stop breeding a female dog if she or her offspring has developed some sort of medical condition that is inheritable. Such dogs are bad breeding stock and will perpetuate health problems and the decline of the breed. Some conditions include:

  • Heart problems.
  • Hip dysplasia.
  • Thyroid disease.
  • Deafness

Observe if the dog is healthy enough to continue breeding.

 Discontinue breeding if your dog has developed medical problems that threaten their health or wellbeing. In addition, don’t breed the dog if it has a medical condition that can be exacerbated by pregnancy. Some problems include:

  • Hip problems, like hip dysplasia.
  • Reproductive issues like prolapsed or distended uterus.

Consider if the dog has had any complicated pregnancies.

 Most vets and breeders agree that dogs who have had complicated pregnancies should not be bred again. This is because complications are a good indication of problems in the future. Such complications include:

  • An unplanned C-section.
  • Stalled labour and delivery.

Reflect on whether the dog meets breed standards.

One of the major mottos of responsible breeders is “breed to improve.” Thus, you should stop breeding your female dog if you think her offspring does not represent a breed standard or improve the health of the breed. Consider if:

  • The puppies are good representatives of the overall breed. For example, a desirable boxer dog is flashy fawn (brown with a white chest) and white feet (“socks”).
  • The offspring possess characteristics that are undesirable. Such characteristics include albinism, blindness, or birth defects.
  • Consult your club for more information about breed standards.
  • The SACBR follow the AKC standards.

Understand the heat cycle.

The heat cycle is the cycle, like human menstruation, that regulates the reproductive system of female dogs. Before thinking about breeding, you need to be familiar with the of the heat cycle.

  • Female dogs go into heat starting around 4 months old. This depends on size though, as small dogs may begin around 4 months and larger dogs may not begin until 24 months.
  • Heat lasts approximately 2 to 4 weeks.
  • Many dogs are most fertile about 9 or 10 days after heat has begun. This period is about 5 days long.
  • After reaching maturity, dogs will go into heat regularly. For most dogs, this is about every 6 months. Smaller dogs may go into heat every 3 or 4 months, and larger dogs may only go into heat every 12 to 18 months.

Learn about health complications associated with pregnancy.

 As a demanding physical condition, pregnancy puts serious stress on a dog’s body. In addition, there are a variety of complications that could threaten the dog’s health. Some problems include:

  • Uterine infection.
  • Inflammation of the mammary glands.
  • Eclampsia, which is a condition associated with blood calcium depletion in nursing dogs.
  • Prolapsed or distended uterus.

Talk to experienced breeders.

 Experienced breeders in your community, or around your region, are a great resource for you when it comes to learning about breeding. As people who have bred dogs for many years, they know the intricacies of breeding.

  • Contact a kennel club, like the SACBR…and others for information on experienced breeders near you. In addition, a kennel club might have information on breeding or a contact person for breeders.
  • Find a mentor in your community. You might be able to find a mentor through a veterinarian fellow breeder with experience.

Info used from:



SACBR NOTICE 18/09/2017

As agreed by both  SACBR & IEYTC

As of Monday, 18 September 2017, NO Extreme Piebald Yorkshire Terrier, with blue eyes, will be eligible for registration without a BAER-test being performed for breeding purposes (80% white fur or more)

Tests to be performed on the following: (80% white fur or more)
?Blue Diamond Extreme Piebald Non-Merle of all varieties (eg, Biro, Biewer etc.)
?Blue Diamond Extreme Piebald Berries of all variety (eg, Chocoberry, Blueberry, Mulberry/Redberry etc)
?Extreme Piebald of all varieties (eg, Biro, Biewer etc.)
?Extreme Piebald Berries of all variety (eg, Chocoberry, Blueberry, Mulberry/Redberry etc)

Bilateral hearing passes the test and will be eligible for Full registration.
Unilateral or bilateral deafness fails and will only be eligible for Pet-Only registration.

?Extreme Piebald – Any Canine 80% or more white in colour
?BAER-test – Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response test






SACBR NOTICE 17/02/2017/7

As from 17/02/2017 the SACBR is a ”Closed studbook”, we will not register any New dogs or cats under the development section. only dogs and cats with proven 3 generation pedigrees will be excepted. Philippe Lesage SACBR Founder.


Written by: Theresa Edwards

Who needs the circus just come to my house it’s for free! Wake up this am to dogs frantically barking at the fence as the cows had strolled over. The dogs were basically throwing the “F” bombs at them in doggy language. One mommy cow decided her kids the calves should not be hearing all these profanities so she tried to head butt the offending dog who was closest who happened to be Nana … all flipping hell breaks loose … Nana is incensed and literally foaming at the mouth in her anger and embarrassment at being nearly head butted by a bloody cow but carefully sidestepping the 3 electric strands at the bottom of the fence! Harley the rescue JR decides her mate had been unceremoniously aggrieved and rushes in to kill the offender total disregarding the fact there are 3 vicious lines of electricity separating her from the bovine! So she gets wacked! Screams and this summons Peaches the Tiny Yorkie who decides she has had enough of this entire head butting, mooing, barking and screaming she will just try get through the double gates and go and tackle the offender at the ankles from the rear. The bigger they are the harder they fall … right? Why is mummy screaming blue murder and hyperventilating? A peach asks. .. I got this mum!!! Oh crap Aunty Beauty just grabbed me and brought me inside! Man that cow was in my sights and ALL MINE! At least mummy has stopped screaming!



Canine Breeding


Definition of Birth

The birth of puppies, also called the “whelping” of a litter, involves a complex chain of events medically referred to as “parturition.” Parturition is triggered by an even more complex cascade of hormonal changes that encourages the uterus of a pregnant female to expel its contents. Late in pregnancy, when the hormonal systems of the fetuses are relatively mature, the adrenal glands of the puppies and their mother start secreting lots of corticosteroids (so-called “stress hormones”). This causes the placenta’s that are attached to each fetus by its umbilical cord to release a hormone called prostaglandin F2 alpha (PF2). PF2 causes the mother’s ovaries to stop producing progesterone, a hormone that is essential to sustaining her pregnancy. As a result, the mother’s previously tightly-closed cervix relaxes, softens, opens and allows the puppies to exit through the birth canal and come out into the big bold world.


Dog Behavior & Training

In the Dog Behavior Center you will find a comprehensive list of the most common and important behavior situations relating to dogs. As an owner, a dog’s behavior plays a key role in making a great pet. If your dog’s behavior could use some improvement, or you are just looking for a new trick to work on, then this is the center for you. Here, you can will find great information and “How to” instructions for working on your dog behavior needs.

The Dog Behavior list includes many of the most common tricks and behavior problems seen in dogs. Popular dog behavior topics include Teaching your dog to roll over and dog aggression.


Dog Health Information

The Dog Health Information Center is an increasingly comprehensive list and accompanying information about the many health and behavioral conditions that can occur in companion dogs. You can use this library to get understandable, reliable information about both common and uncommon canine health disorders, including information about clinical signs/symptoms, diagnosis, current treatment options, and prognosis. We make every reasonable effort to ensure the accuracy of this information, but of course your veterinarian ultimately is the best source for precise medical information about your particular pet.


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